First Aid Training - Poisonous plants and fungi
Many young children eat plant leaves or brightly coloured berries, but serious poisoning as a result rarely occurs.
However, ingesting even small amounts of foxglove or wild arum can cause nausea, vomiting, and stomach cramps; and large amounts are potentially fatal. Seizures may occur after ingesting laburnum seeds.
Serious poisoning as a result of eating mushrooms is also rare. Mushrooms found in the garden may cause nausea, vomiting, and occasionally, hallucinations. Death cap mushrooms cause vomiting and severe watery diarrhoea between 6 and 12 hours after ingestion and can be fatal.
There may be:
- Nausea and vomiting.
- Cramping abdominal pains.
- Impaired consciousness.
- To identify the poisonous plant, if available.
- To manage any seizures.
- To seek medical aid if necessary.
If the casualty is conscious:
- Ask them what they have eaten and reasure them.
- Try to identify the poisonous plant, and find out which part of it has been eaten.
- Get medical advice at once so that the appropriate treatment can be given.
- Keep any small pieces of the palnt that you have found to show to the doctor or send with the casualty to hospital.
If the casualty becomes unconscious:
- Open the airway and check breathing
- Be prepared to give chest compressions and rescue breaths if necessary.
- Place them into the recovary position if the casualty is unconscious but breathing normally.
- Dial 999 for an ambulance.
Do not induce vomiting.