First Aid Training - Hyperglycaemia (high blood sugar)
High blood sugar levels (hyperglycaemia) over a long period can result in unconciousness. Usually the casualty will drift into this state over a few days. Hyperglycaemia requires urgent treatment in hospital.
- Warm, dry skin.
- Rapid pulse and breathing.
- Fruity/sweet breath.
- Excessive thirst.
- If untreated, drowsiness, then unconsciousness.
Your aim is to arrange urgent removal of the casualty to hospital.
- Dial 999 (or 112) for an ambulance.
- Monitor the level of response and look for any other possible causes.
If the casualty is unconscious:
- Open the airway and check breathing. (primary survey)
- Give chest compressions and rescue breaths if necessary.
- If the patient loses consciousness but is still breathing normally place them in the recovery position.
- Dial 999 or 112 for an ambulance.
- Monitor and record the levels of response, pulse and breathing.